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 Materiales Biodegradables:

Seleccionar  Materiales Biodegradable reducen el impacto negativo generado por los residuos al  final de la vida del productos. Los residuos no biodegradables contaminan los ecosistemas durante muchos años.

PROBLEMÁTICA Actual

Muchos de los productos y envases que consumimos están hechos con materiales que no se descomponen de forma natural. Al desecharlos los materiales que los componen perduran durante muchos años, contaminando el medio ambiente. Aunque los materiales sean reciclables, una parte importante de ellos acabarán accidentalmente acumulándose en la naturaleza. La acumulación de residuos, incluso si son tóxicos, provoca daños en la fauna y aumenta el riesgo de incendios.

Símbolo de sostenibilidad con impacto positivo en economía y negativo en el medio ambiente

Materiales No Biodegradables: Son más resistentes y fáciles de manipular. Desde el punto de vista económico reduce el coste de los materiales y los beneficios. El uso de estos materiales perjudica principalmente al medio ambiente, cuando los residuos no se gestionan de forma adecuada. Esta es la valoración del Índice de Sostenibilidad \"+ Sostenibles\":

  • Economía: (Positivo) Los materiales No Biodegradables son por logeneral más duraderos, resistentes y baratos de producir. Los Productos más baratos.
  • Medio-Ambiente: (Negativo) Contaminación, toxicidad en fauna y acumulación de residuos. Sin embargo los productos duraderos requieren menor demanda de materias primas
  • Sociedad: (Neutro) La toxicidad puede afectar a la salud, sin embargo reducen la demanda de productos alimenticios usados principalmente como materia prima para los materiales biodegradables.

Alternativas SOSTENIBLES

Seleccionar  materiales biodegradables, principalmente los que utilizan residuos para su fabricación. Evitar utilizar materiales biodegradables que se elaboran con derivados de productos alimenticios que a largo plazo pueden hacer aumentar el precio de los alimentos básicos. De esta forma se reducen residuos para producir materiales que  al desecharse no perduran, y no contaminan.

Abastecerse de materiales Biodegradables procedentes de residuos para que todas las partes ganen, empresas, medio ambiente y la sociedad (Representado por este símbolo). Es además un cambio de nuestro modelo productivo, a un modelo más sostenible, en el que las actividades industriales generan impactos positivos en el medio ambiente y las personas.  Sus beneficios son:

  • Economía (Positivo)Mejora imagen, diferenciación frente a la competencia, apertura a nuevos mercados en auge, mejora huella ecológica.
  • Medio Ambiente (Positivo): Reducir residuos, protección ecosistemas, menor demanda de material primas.
  • Sociedad (Positivo): Nuevos negocios y generación de empleo, reducción coste tratamiento residuos.

Tipos de Materiales Biodegradables:

Son materiales que se destruyen de forma natural en un periodo corto de tiempo, convirtiéndose en material orgánico inocuo para el medio ambiente. Estos productos substituyen materiales contaminantes con otros más respetuosos con el medio ambiente. Se fabrican principalmente a partir de alimentos.

  • Economía (Neutro): Mejora imagen, fidelidad consumidores.
  • Medio Ambiente (Neutro): Reduce residuos. Puede aumentar explotación recursos agrícolas
  • Sociedad (Negativo): Indirectamente crea nuevo empleo. Provoca aumento precio de alimentos básicos

Aditivos que se añaden en los procesos de produción de algunos materiales para reducir acelerar el proceso de degradación por acción microbiana. Convierte distintos tipos materiales en biodegradables.

  • Economía (Positivo)Mejora imagen con bajo coste.
  • Medio Ambiente (Positivo): Reduce acumulación de residuos.
  • Sociedad (Neutro): Indirectamente crea nuevo empleo.

Los Materiales biodegradables fabricados a partir de residuos, no requiere utilizar alimentos para fabricar estos materiales. Su producción no repercute por lo tanto en los precios de los alimentos. Protegen el medio ambiente reduciendo residuos y reduciendo el uso de materiales más contaminantes. Estos materiales generan nuevo empleo.

  • Economía (Positivo)Mejora imagen, menor exposición a subidas precios materias primas.
  • Medio Ambiente (Positivo): Reduce residuos y consumo de materiales contaminantes.
  • Sociedad (Neutro): Genera nuevo empleo.

Recursos sobre Materiales Biodegradables:

Algunos ejemplos de productos fabricados con materiales Biodegradables:

Ejemplos de aditivos para transformar materiales en Biodegradables:

Algunos plásticos puedan convertirse en Biodegradables añadiendo aditivos específicos durante su proceso de producción:

Base de Datos de Materiales Biodegradables:

Base de datos de productos sostenibles y sus suministradores

Beneficios para las empresas:

La demanda de productos fabricados con materiales biodegradables está en auge. Muchos consumidores están dispuestos a pagar algo más por productos que no dañen en medio ambiente.

La economía sostenible está en sus primeras etapas de desarrollo, es un mercado en crecimiento, con nuevos consumidores cada vez más exigentes. La empresas que se posicionen en este mercado a medio plazo tendrán ventajas competitivas frente a su competencia.

Otros Beneficios:

  • Crecimiento Sostenible
  • Acceso a un nuevo mercado Sostenible
  • Fidelización Clientes
  • Reputación / Buena imagen
  • Diferenciación

 

Más información sobre Empresas sostenibles y los retos para transicionar de un  Modelo productivo Lineal, poco sostenible a un Nuevo modelo productivo más sostenible en el que las actividades industriales generan impactos positivos en el medio ambiente y las personas. 

Presente:

Desde el inicio de la era industrial se han creado nuevos materiales, prestando a poca atención a los efectos negativos en el medio ambiente . Estos nuevos materiales aportan nuevas prestaciones y  permiten fabricar nuevos productos, y hacerlos más baratos, pero sus residuos provocan grabes problemas medioambientales.

Se ha iniciado una tendencia a crear materiales biodegradables, que substituyan estos nuevos materiales, para que sus residuos se destruyan de forma natural sin afectar al medio ambiente.  Sin embargo muchos de los materiales biodegradables procedes de cereales, y otros alimentos, con el riesgo de que aumente la demanda de alimentos para producir materiales y repercuta en un  aumento del precio de los bienes básicos, aumentando la pobreza y la presión agrícola en el medio ambiente. 

Futuro:

Mucho residuos vegetales como la paja, ramas, se pueden transformar en materiales biodegradables. esto evita que se consuman  alimentos para producir materiales biodegradables. Existen además aditivos que se pueden añadir a materiales no degradables y convertirlos en materiales Biodegradables. Estos materiales  están cambiando nuestro modelo productivo. Estos materiales no solo respetan el medio ambiente,sino que contribuyen a mejorarlo, transformando residuos en nuevos materiales que no dañan el medio ambiente,  generando  por lo tanto impactos positivos.

Estos nuevos materiales sostenibles están cada vez más presentes en nuestro entorno y son muy demandados por los consumidores. Las empresas que los utilicen pueden ofrecer productos que ofrecen ventajas competitivas frente a los competidores.

 NOTICIAS sobre Materiales Biodegradables:

 

"Materiales Biodegradables" - Google News

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 Más Noticias

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Mali and Mauritania became the next countries of Africa to ban non biodegradable plastic bags. Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa and... Read more

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Environment : BioSphere Plastic Signs SE Asia Tue, 16 Oct 2012

BioSphere Plastic signs an exclusive deal with BioSphere SE Asia for distribution within SE Asian countries which include Cambodia, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, and Maritime... Read more

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